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Eye Diseases

Here at OPMT we are able to diagnose and treat ocular disease and reduce the ocular abnormalities and complications of systemic diseases.

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

ARMD, or AMD, is the deterioration of the central structure in the retina called the macula. The macula is responsible for sharp central vision. When you are read a book or look at someone‚Äôs face, you are using your macula. Macular degeneration occurs as people age–waste products from the eye’s metabolism begin to build up in the macular region. There are two forms of macular degeneration: a dry form and a wet form. The wet form, in addition to having the built up of waste products, has bleeding from faulty blood vessels. While the wet form of macular degeneration only accounts for 10% of cases it causes 90% of vision loss. Annual dilated eye exams are the most crucial part of monitoring for macular degeneration. A dilated retinal view allows eye doctors to see early subtle changes in the macula that a patient could not detect themselves. This allows for early interventions and close monitoring for advancement. As the name suggest those at risk for macular degeneration are the elderly. Risk factors also include female gender, fair skin and light eyes, and a history of smoking.

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is an eye disease that slowly causes permanent vision loss. It does so with no noticeable symptoms and for this reason is often called the silent thief of sight. Severe vision loss from glaucoma can be prevented by early detection by your eye doctor. Yearly eye exams are important for eye doctors to monitor the eye for early damage. Our Nashville and Hendersonville locations are equipped with state of the art equipment to help detect glaucoma in its earliest stage and prevent irreversible vision loss. Those at risk for glaucoma should be evaluated by an eye doctor every year. Age over 40, high nearsightedness, a family history, and African American or Hispanic ethnicity are all associated with higher risk of glaucoma. Make an appointment today to discuss your risk of glaucoma with one of our eye doctors.

Cataracts

Cataracts are the clouding of the eyes natural lens. The lens sits behind the iris, the blue or brown part of the eye, and helps to focus light rays onto the retina. Eye doctors carefully examine the lens during and eye exam to look for signs that a cataract is beginning to form or is already there. In the early stages cataracts can be dealt with by changing a glasses prescription. Eventually cataracts will cause vision to deteriorate beyond a point that can be fixed by glasses. At this point your eye doctor will talk to you about surgical options. Cataract surgery is the most common surgical procedure performed in the United States. Make an appointment today to discuss cataracts with one of our eye doctors.

Diabetic Eye Disease

Diabetic eye disease is the leading cause of blindness in this country amongst people age 20-74. With early detection and intervention a large portion of this vision loss is preventable. The current standard of care is a dilated eye examination every 12 months as recommended by the American Diabetes Association, American Optometric Association, and American Academy of Ophthalmology. In our office diabetic exams include thorough retinal examination through a dilated pupil, as well as screening for other ailments such as cataracts and glaucoma as both of these conditions are more likely in diabetics. Our eye doctors provide the best, most up to date care of our patients with diabetes. Make an appointment today for your diabetic eye exam.

For full list of ocular diseases please click here.